He successfully defended his new domains against the attacks of Louis XI of France, defeating the French at the Battle of Guinegate in 1479. [40] Maximilian died in Wels, Upper Austria, and was succeeded as Emperor by his grandson Charles V, his son Philip the Handsome having died in 1506. Maximilian I, 'the last knight' from 1477 Duke of Burgundy; from 1493 ruler over the Habsburg patrimonial lands; from 1486 Roman-German King, and from 1508 emperor of the Holy Roman Empire . The marriage gained Maximilian imperial rights over Milan and also enhanced his financial standing in the society through large dowry. [5], The Duchy of Burgundy was also claimed by the French crown under Salic Law,[6] with Louis XI of France vigorously contesting the Habsburg claim to the Burgundian inheritance by means of military force. The Treaty of Brussels granted Milan to the French and Verona to the Venetians, leaving Maximilian with only the territorial boundaries of Tirol. [8][9] Maximilian continued to govern Mary's remaining inheritance in the name of Philip the Handsome. We have created a browser extension. [4], Maximilian's wife had inherited the large Burgundian domains in France and the Low Countries upon her father's death in the Battle of Nancy on 5 January 1477. Maximilian spent the major part of his life waging war against the French. Furthermore, he made his presence felt in Spain by acquiring the Spanish empire through betrothal of his children. In addition, the County of Tyrol and Duchy of Bavaria went to war in the late 15th century. He strengthened his European position by an agreement with France, and he regained prestige within the empire by victories in a dynastic war between Bavaria and the Rhenish Palatinate (1504). Maximilian I, (born March 22, 1459, Wiener Neustadt, Austria—died January 12, 1519, Wels), archduke of Austria, German king, and Holy Roman emperor (1493–1519) who made his family, the Habsburgs, dominant in 16th-century Europe. Maximilian expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy, though he also lost his family's original lands in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy. Pope Julius’s severe illness prompted Maximilian to consider accepting the office of pope, which the schismatic Council of Pisa offered him. [42] Much of the work was done in his lifetime, but it was not completed until decades later. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. In 1490, the two nations demanded that Maximilian I step in to mediate the dispute. N. 1458: A New Testimony of the "Landus Report, "Pseudo-ancestors in the Genealogical Projects of the Emperor Maximilian I", Unusual Life, Unusual Death and the Fate of the Corpse: A Case Study from Dynastic Europe, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Maximilian I, King of the Romans, later Holy Roman Emperor", "Barbara von Rottal b. [13] The local rulers wanted more independence from the Emperor and a strengthening of their own territorial rule. [citation needed], Maximilian I was a member of the Order of the Garter, nominated by King Henry VII of England in 1489. [33][34] Both Anne and Louis were adopted by Maximilian following the death of Ladislaus. Coat of arms of Maximilian I of Habsburg as King of the Romans. A magnificent tomb at the Hofkirche in Innsbruck was completed later. When Vladislas (Ulászló) II of Bohemia was elected to the throne, Maximilian waged a successful campaign against Vladislas. Anne (1519–?). He was the first to be the Elected Roman Emperor and not crowned, as the journey to Rome proved to be a risky affair. For the same, he married Mary of Burgundy, in 1477, in order to curb military conflict with her father Charles the Bold and acquire the vast Burgundian possessions for his House of Habsburg. She also teaches at the University of North Dakota and Dakota College. Following his father Frederick III’s death in 1493, Maximilian became the head of the Holy Roman Empire. Excluded from Italy by the hostile Venetians, he was unable to go to Rome for his coronation and had to content himself with the title of Roman emperor-elect that was bestowed on him with the consent of Pope Julius II on February 4, 1508. [citation needed], Maximilian had a great passion for armour, not only as equipment for battle or tournaments, but as an art form. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Maximilian in armour, a posthumous portrait in 1618 by, Austria 50 Schilling 1969 Silver Coin: 450th anniversary of the death of Maximilian I. Maximilian allied himself with the pope, Spain, Venice, and Milan in the so-called Holy League (1495) to drive out the French, who were conquering Naples. His campaigns in Italy were not as successful, and his progress there was quickly checked. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Maximilian-I-Holy-Roman-emperor, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Maximilian I, The Famous People - Biography of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, Aeiou Encycloprdia - Biography of Maximilian I, The Baldwin Project - Biography of MAXIMILIAN I, Luminarium Encyclopedia - Biography of Maximilian I, lord chancellor Berthold, archbishop of Mainz. Yet again a conflict between Maximilian and Louis XII arose but the former was unable to curb the French take over. The coronation was held in April in Aachen. As the Treaty of Senlis had resolved French differences with the Holy Roman Empire, King Louis XII of France had secured borders in the north and turned his attention to Italy, where he made claims for the Duchy of Milan. His Garter stall plate survives in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.[52]. He wanted his hair to be cut off and his teeth knocked out, and the body was to be whipped and covered with lime and ash, wrapped in linen, and "publicly displayed to show the perishableness of all earthly glory". [6][10] However, Maximilian was unable to hinder the French from taking over Milan. To thwart the opposition, which was led primarily by the lord chancellor Berthold, archbishop of Mainz, Maximilian set up his own extra-constitutional judicial and financial commissions. His intricate system of alliances, embracing both central Europe and the Iberian Peninsula, made Maximilian a potent force in European affairs. To install click the Add extension button. Like himself, he arranged marriages and betrothal of both his children in order to strengthen the Habsburg House. His father, Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, named him for an obscure saint, Maximilian of Tebessa, who Frederick believed had once warned him of imminent peril in a dream. This led to Maximilian agreeing to establish an organ called the Reichsregiment, which met in Nuremberg and consisted of the deputies of the Emperor, local rulers, commoners, and the prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire. Despite Louis's death in 1483, shortly after Margaret arrived in France, she remained at the French court. Coat of arms of Maximilian I of Habsburg as Holy Roman Emperor. Maximilian Friedrich von Amberg (1511–1553), Lord of Feldkirch.

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