How else do you know if an adjective should be followed by an infinitive? All Rights Reserved. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. And the same is true about “[adjective] + enough”: My child is not tall enough to ride this rollercoaster. In those two quotes, the infinitives “to be” and “to mourn” are used as the sentence subjects. Here’s an example. You can only use a gerund after the verb “suggest.”, Let’s take the word “like.” You can say “I like" running” or “I like to run.” Both sentences have the same meaning. I have an interest in becoming a painter. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. can take anywhere. You may not see “but” and “except” used this way often. The objects (nouns and pronouns) are underlined. They are poetic, aren’t they? _________________________________________________________________, gerund - n. an English noun formed from a verb by adding -ing, infinitive - n. the basic form of a verb; usually used with to except with modal verbs like should and could and certain other verbs like see and hear, preposition - n. a word or group of words that is used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object. But we used infinitives to describe them. A participle may be followed by an object, an adverb, a prepositional phrase, an adverb clause, or any combination of these. It is important to practice. And that’s because it is literature. The code has been copied to your clipboard. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Instead, it has been conjugated into the simple present third person form of the verb “to sleep”: sleeps. In the Comments section, write one sentence that uses a verb followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Tip Number 1: you almost always find a gerund after a preposition. Let’s start with explaining what infinitives and gerunds are. (Past) participle: Implied in this sentence is the verbal phrase. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Native speakers do not think about the difference. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. Just pay attention to how the choice reflects on the tone and meaning of your sentences. B2 Gerunds and infinitives It depends on the verb, and there isn’t an easy rule for this case. I hope … (to study) Tip Number 2: When you are talking about an activity, you usually use a gerund. In this sentence, “we” is the subject, “asked” is the verb and “her” is the objective form of the pronoun “she.” You must use an infinitive (“to go”), never a gerund, after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to people. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. *Try typing in “gerunds and infinitives verb list” into a search engine to see lists of common verbs that take a gerund or an infinitive. Below is a helpful reference list for using gerunds and infinitives. The course was detailed enough to widen his knowledge base. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving; As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise; We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. Just pay attention to how the choice reflects on the tone and meaning of your sentences. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. Sentence One, with the gerund, is correct. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. It is formal and it is art. agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescend: consent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app. I want to achieve it through not. FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples. All present participles end in -ing. For example, “She is afraid of flying.” In this sentence “of” is the preposition and “flying” is the gerund. She is thinking about trying martial arts. So how do you know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund? For example, “Running is fun.” In this sentence, “running” is the gerund. Sometimes you may use an infinitive and a gerund. Click here to get a copy. Sentence One: I suggested going to dinner. Our five simple rules are sure to help! In this situation, try changing the sentence and saying what you want to say in a different way. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. (I had to follow her. Memorizing the most common verbs that take a gerund, such as advise, avoid, enjoy, finish, practice, quit, and suggest, is helpful. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. (Download). “Sleeping” is the direct object of this sentence. Both gerunds and infinitives can be nouns, which means they can do just about anything that a noun can do. Let’s see how much you know. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. I suggested … (studying) Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. Both participles modify the subject, children. Try to complete these sentences using the verb “study.” Ready? A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). Next time you read or listen to a VOA Learning English story, pay attention to use of gerunds and infinitives. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." You’re not alone. Using gerunds here would be incorrect. Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new city. For each of the following sentences, decide if the word or phrase in italics is a participle, a gerund, or an infinitive. FluentU videos come with interactive captions that tell you the definition of any word, and also show you how that word can be used in a sentence. It is very useful to study them and practice using them correctly. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study). Tags: gerunds, grammar, grammar tips, infinitives. Everyday Grammar: Gerunds vs. Infinitives. While the rules below will help you understand how infinitives and gerunds should be used, you should make sure to practice them so you can use them in real life. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Sometimes you will be unsure if you need to use an infinitive or a gerund in a sentence. Students can see gerunds and infinitives in context and practice through a variety of tasks, including a short reading, discussion questions, a writing activity, and two grammar exercises. Notice how the underlined objects are all followed by infinitives. “But” is a short word that connects two clauses of a sentence together. If you want to make that object into a subject (see Rule 1), a gerund should be used: Speaking English is necessary to work in a hotel. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! In the second sentence, the infinitive to cry performs the same function. If the main verb has an object that is a noun or a pronoun, it is almost always followed by an infinitive verb instead of a gerund. Answer Key . A gerund or an infinitive can be used after a main verb. I enjoy … (studying) Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Please check your email for further instructions. For example, the verb advise normally takes a gerund (She advised studying for the test), but a noun/pronoun object will override this rule (She advised her students to study for the test). I managed … (to study) FluentU brings English to life with real-world videos. Gerunds and infinitives are very common in the English language. The construct “too + [adjective]” is another way to tell! _____________________________________________________________, admit, avoid, be used to, can’t help, can’t stand, consider, deny, discuss, dislike, end up, enjoy, feel like, finish, get used to, give up, go on, have difficulty, have problems, have trouble, imagine, it’s no use, it’s worthwhile, keep, look forward to, mention, mind, miss, recommend, remember, quit, spend time, stop, suggest, understand, waste time, work at, Either a gerund or an infinitive can follow these verbs, and there is no change in meaning, advise (requires object with infinitive), begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, start. Here, the gerund “taking” follows the preposition “of.”. When you describe something with an adjective (underlined in the examples above), an infinitive should follow (in bold). It is not a gerund. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and -en forms). Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . ), There is nothing left for me to do but to collect my money and go. After an adjective, it is common to use an infinitive verb. Gerunds are formed by adding “-ing” to the verb: “sleeping,” “drawing,” “swimming.” But they are not the “-ing” verb forms that you see in the present or past continuous tense. It is necessary to speak English to work in a hotel. There is no quick and easy way to learn gerunds and infinitives. The URL has been copied to your clipboard, Everyday Grammar: Gerunds and Infinitives. Exhausted is a past participle, formed by adding -ed to the present form of the verb (exhaust). Or maybe you will soon decide to travel the world! Just follow the rule of gerunds after prepositions, and you will get it right most of the time! These are also hobbies, aren’t they? Also, most textbooks don’t cover the fact that there ARE a few helpful rules for deciding whether to use a gerund or an infinitive in a sentence. Gerunds and infinitives may be confusing, but they make your English speech more varied and colorful. Learn all the vocabulary in any video with games and quizzes. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

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